A to Z – Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamin A
NRV: 800 µg

Vitamin A helps your body’s natural defense work properly against illness and infection. It also helps vision in dim light.
Vitamin A also keeps skin and the lining of some parts of the body, such as the nose, healthy.
Women use vitamin A for heavy menstrual periods, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), vaginal infections, yeast infections, “lumpy breasts” (fibrocystic breast disease) and to prevent breast cancer. Men use vitamin A to raise their sperm count.

Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
NRV: 1.1 mg

Thiamine is required by our bodies to properly use carbohydrates.
Thiamine is used for AIDS and boosting the immune system. It is used for diabetic pain, heart disease, alcoholism, aging, cerebellar syndrome, canker sores, vision problems such as cataracts and glaucoma, motion sickness and improving athletic performance.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
NRV: 1.4 mg

Vitamin B2 is an antioxidant; it is responsible for maintaining healthy blood cells, helping to boost energy levels, facilitating in a healthy metabolism, preventing free radical damage, contributing to growth, protecting skin and eye health. It is needed to keep your nerves and red blood cells healthy.

Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
NRV: 16 mg

As a cholesterol treatment, Vitamin B3 can boost levels of good HDL cholesterol and lower triglycerides, it also modestly lowers bad LDL cholesterol.
There’s good evidence that Vitamin B3 helps reduce atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries in some people: for who has had an heart attack, Vitamin B3 seems to lower the risk of a second one. In addition, Vitamin B3 is an FDA-approved treatment for Pellagra.

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)
NRV: 6 mg

Vitamin B5 is frequently used in combination with other B vitamins.
Vitamin B5 has a long list of uses, although there isn’t enough scientific evidence to determine whether Vitamin B5 is effective for most of these uses. It is used for treating dietary deficiencies, acne, alcoholism, allergies, baldness, asthma, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism, burning feet syndrome, yeast infections, heart failure, carpal tunnel syndrome, respiratory disorders, celiac disease, colitis, conjunctivitis, convulsions and cystitis. It is also taken for dandruff, depression, diabetic nerve pain, enhancing immune function, improving athletic performance, tongue infections, headache, hyperactivity, low blood sugar, insomnia, irritability, low blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, muscular cramps, neuralgia and obesity.

Vitamin B6 (Riboflavin)
NRV: 1.4 mg

Vitamin B6  is used for heart disease and high cholesterol, reducing blood levels of homocysteine.
Women use Vitamin B6 for “morning sickness” (nausea and vomiting) in early pregnancy, stopping milk flow after childbirth, premenstrual syndrome  and other menstruation problems.
Vitamin B6 is also used for Alzheimer’s disease, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Down syndrome, autism, diabetes and related nerve pain, sickle cell anemia, migraine headaches, asthma, carpal tunnel syndrome, night leg cramps, muscle cramps, arthritis, allergies, infertility, acne and various other skin conditions.

Vitamin B7 (Biotin/Vitamin H)
NRV: 50 µg

Vitamin B7 is an important component of enzymes in the body that breaks down certain substances like fats, carbohydrates and others; it helps the body to metabolize proteins and process glucose.
Vitamin B7 is known also as the “vitamin of beauty”: vitamin B7 is commonly used for hair loss, brittle nails, nerve damage and many other conditions.
The human body cannot synthesize Vitamin B7, therefore diet and supplements need to supply it.

Vitamin B12
NRV: 2.5 µg

Vitamin B12 is an essential element for our body as it is  used for multiple things, for example for building blood cells, for neurological function and for DNA synthesis.
Our body doesn’t store vitamin B12 for a long time, so it should be taken on a regular basis.

Vitamin C
NRV: 80 mg

Historically, Vitamin C was used for preventing and treating scurvy.
Nowadays Vitamin C is used most often for preventing and treating the common cold. Some people use it for other infections including gum disease, acne and other skin infections, bronchitis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease, stomach ulcers caused by bacteria called Helicobacter pylori, tuberculosis, dysentery (an infection of the lower intestine), and skin infections that produce boils (furunculosis). It is also used for infections of the bladder and prostate.

Vitamin E
NRV: 12 mg

Vitamin E is a vitamin that dissolves in fat. It helps preventing and treating diseases of the heart and blood vessels including hardening of the arteries, heart attack, chest pain, leg pain due to blocked arteries, and high blood pressure.
Vitamin E is also used for treating diabetes and its complications. It is used for preventing cancer, particularly lung and oral cancer in smokers. It is used also for colorectal cancer and polyps, and in some cases of gastric, prostate and pancreatic cancer.
Some people use vitamin E for diseases of the brain and nervous system.

Vitamin K1
NRV: 75 µg

Vitamin K is a group of fat-soluble vitamins that the human body requires for complete synthesis of certain proteins that are prerequisites for blood coagulation, so Vitamin K1 prevents bleeding through the blood clotting (coagulation) cascade.
Broadly, Vitamin K direct calcium and allow the blood to clot. While vitamin K deficiencies are rare in adults, they are very common in newborn infants and heavily alcohol drinker.
Vitamin K has benefits for dental, periodontal, heart, hormonal, kidney, bone and brain health.

Vitamin D3
NRV: 5 µg

It helps regulating the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body. These nutrients are needed to keep bones, teeth and muscles healthy.
Vitamin D is produced by our body in response of skin exposure to sunlight; Vitamin D deficiencies in the body may affect serotonin levels in the brain. Mood disorder featuring depressive symptoms, occurs during the dark times of the year when there is relatively little sunshine. Therefore it’s important to have Vitamin D supplement in winter time and in periods that we are not directly exposed to sunlight.

Folic Acid
NRV: 200 µg

Folic Acid is the pregnancy vitamin. Taking Folic Acid before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects of your baby’s brain and spinal cord.
Folic Acid is a form of Vitamin B that plays an important role in the production of red blood cells and it helps your baby’s neural tube develop into brain and spinal cord.

Iron
NRV: 14 mg

Iron is a mineral that’s necessary for life: it plays a key role in the making of red blood cells.
Iron supplement is usually taken for certain type of anemia.
Usually Iron supplement is recommended for pregnancy, heavy menstrual periods, kidney disease and chemotherapy.

*NRV = Nutrient Reference Value per day